“The Example of Those Who Deny the Signs “

Written by Shafiq Khan

August 26, 2023

The Example of Those Who Deny the Sign :

This verse has a passage that speaks about the hypocrites who pretend to believe, yet their hearts are devoid of true faith. Allah warns against hypocrisy and stresses the importance of sincere belief.

“The lightning almost snatches away their sight. Every time it lights [the way] for them, they walk therein; but when darkness comes over them, they stand [still]. And if Allah had willed, He could have taken away their hearing and their sight. Indeed, Allah is over all things competent.”

Surah Baqarah@20


  • The Metaphor of Lightning:

The verse begins with a metaphor of lightning. Just as a flash of lightning provides momentary clarity in the darkness, guidance from Allah offers insight and direction to people in their spiritual journey.

  • The Reaction to Guidance:

The metaphor continues, illustrating how people react to guidance. When lightning flashes, the hypocrites take a few steps forward, symbolizing their superficial acceptance of guidance in moments of clarity.

  • Standing Still in Darkness:

However, when darkness returns, they hesitate and stop, indicating their reluctance to consistently follow the path of guidance. This reflects their wavering faith and inconsistent commitment to their beliefs.

  • Allah’s Authority:

The verse emphasizes Allah’s authority over human faculties. Allah mentions that if He had willed, He could have taken away their hearing and sight, highlighting His power over creation and His ability to guide or misguide as He deems fit.

  • Divine Wisdom:

This verse underscores that guidance and misguidance are tests from Allah. Those who willingly accept guidance find illumination, while those who resist end up lost in darkness due to their choices.

  • Competence of Allah:

The verse concludes by reaffirming Allah’s competence over all things. He has complete control over human faculties, guidance, and the outcomes of individual choices.

  • Practical Lessons:

The verse serves as a reminder to believers about the importance of consistent faith and not succumbing to hypocrisy.
It encourages individuals to seek Allah’s guidance sincerely and remain steadfast in their beliefs, even during challenging times.
It emphasizes humility, acknowledging that all human abilities are under Allah’s control.

Guidance and direction :

As a fundamental theme in Islam. The verse reads:

“Or [it is] like a rainstorm from the sky within which is darkness, thunder, and lightning. They put their fingers in their ears against the thunderclaps in dread of death. But Allah is encompassing of the disbelievers.”

In this verse, uses the analogy of a rainstorm to convey a profound message about guidance and human response to it. The rainstorm represents Divine guidance, and the various elements within it symbolize different aspects of that guidance.

  • Darkness:

The darkness in the analogy signifies the state of ignorance and spiritual darkness that people experience when they turn away from Divine guidance. Without guidance, individuals are lost and unable to navigate their lives in a righteous manner.

  • Thunder and Lightning:

Thunder and lightning are awe-inspiring natural phenomena that command attention and inspire a sense of reverence. Similarly, divine guidance comes with a powerful impact, catching the attention of believers and urging them to take heed.

  • Fingers in Ears:

The imagery of people putting their fingers in their ears to block out the thunderclaps represents those who consciously reject or ignore divine guidance due to their attachments to worldly desires, ignorance, or arrogance.

  • Dread of Death:

The fear of death that the thunderclaps evoke symbolizes the fear some people have of letting go of their worldly pursuits and desires in order to embrace a life guided by faith.

  • Allah’s Encompassing Knowledge:

The verse concludes by reminding that Allah is fully aware of the disbelievers’ rejection of guidance. This emphasizes that Allah’s knowledge encompasses all actions and intentions, and no one can escape His awareness.

The verse serves as a metaphorical lesson about the importance of embracing divine guidance for a righteous and purposeful life. Just as a rainstorm brings much-needed nourishment to the earth, following Allah’s guidance brings spiritual nourishment and clarity to believers’ lives. Ignoring or rejecting this guidance leads to a state of spiritual darkness and disconnect from the path of righteousness.

In essence, this verse encourages believers to be attentive to divine guidance, to overcome their fears and attachments, and to willingly embrace the spiritual direction provided by Allah. It underscores the significance of seeking knowledge, understanding, and submitting to the wisdom of Allah’s guidance as a means to lead a fulfilling and righteous life.

Darknesses of a Vast Sea:

This phrase signifies the state of confusion, ignorance, and uncertainty that individuals experience when they are distant from the light of faith. The “vast sea” represents the world, which can be both physically and spiritually overwhelming.

Wave, Wave, Cloud: The imagery of layered waves and a covering cloud emphasizes the layers of obstacles and challenges that can further obscure the path of those in darkness. This imagery suggests a sense of hopelessness and being overwhelmed by difficulties.

Putting Out His Hand:

The act of reaching out one’s hand symbolizes the efforts made by individuals to find direction and meaning in their lives. However, the darkness is so intense that even reaching out becomes difficult.

Hardly Seeing His Hand:

This part of the analogy conveys the extent of the darkness, indicating that even a small distance cannot be seen clearly. This highlights the depth of confusion and disorientation experienced by those without guidance.

Allah’s Granted Light:

The “light” refers to faith, divine guidance, and knowledge. It is what provides clarity, purpose, and direction in life. Those who are granted this light by Allah are able to navigate through the darkness and challenges with certainty.

No Light for Those Without Allah’s Grant:

This phrase emphasizes that without the divine gift of faith and guidance, individuals remain in darkness. Their lives lack the illuminating force that helps them make sense of the world and follow a righteous path.

The metaphor of light underscores the transformative power of faith and divine guidance. Just as light dispels darkness and enables clarity, faith illuminates a believer’s journey through life’s challenges and uncertainties.

The imagery in the verse serves as a reminder that without this guiding light, individuals are susceptible to being lost and overwhelmed by the trials of the world. The metaphor encourages believers to seek and embrace the light of faith to navigate their lives with purpose, conviction, and a clear sense of direction.

Darknesses of a Vast Sea:

The imagery of darkness in a vast sea symbolizes the confusion, ignorance, and moral obscurity that individuals experience when they distance themselves from divine guidance. It signifies a state of being lost in the complexities of life without a moral compass.

Putting Out His Hand:

This action represents the attempt to seek guidance and meaning, but the thick darkness renders it nearly futile. It symbolizes the struggle of individuals trying to navigate life’s challenges without the illumination of divine guidance.

Hardly Seeing His Hand:

This phrase underscores the extent of the darkness and the inability to perceive even a short distance. It signifies the depth of spiritual blindness that clouds one’s judgment and perception of what is right.

No Light for Those Without Allah’s Grant:

The verse emphasizes that the absence of divine light results in perpetual spiritual blindness. Without Allah’s bestowed light of guidance and faith, individuals remain trapped in their state of ignorance, unable to see the truth.

Overall, this verse portrays the dire consequences of rejecting divine guidance and choosing to live in spiritual darkness. It illustrates the process of gradually losing one’s moral clarity and becoming blinded by the distractions, temptations, and challenges of the world. The layered imagery of waves and clouds amplifies the idea that multiple layers of confusion and obstacles further contribute to this spiritual blindness.

The verse serves as a stark reminder of the importance of embracing divine guidance to avoid falling into a state of spiritual darkness. It encourages believers to seek and value the light of faith, which provides clarity, purpose, and direction in navigating life’s complexities. Ultimately, the message conveyed is that spiritual blindness is a result of a conscious choice to turn away from the divine light, and it carries profound consequences for one’s understanding of truth and their journey towards righteousness.

Igniting Faith:

This verse serves as a compelling call for believers to wholeheartedly embrace the light of faith, allowing it to illuminate their lives. By likening faith to a guiding light that dispels darkness, the verse emphasizes the transformative power of belief. It encourages believers to seek the divine light of guidance, knowledge, and moral clarity as a means to navigate the complexities of existence.

Just as light eradicates obscurity, faith illuminates the path of believers, enabling them to discern between right and wrong, make informed decisions, and live purposefully. The verse underscores the importance of actively reaching out for this light, symbolizing the dedication and effort required to nurture and strengthen one’s faith. By igniting their faith, believers are poised to lead lives marked by conviction, empathy, and ethical responsibility, thereby enriching their own experiences and positively impacting the world around them.

Rejecting Disbelief:

This verse sarves as an analogy to being engulfed in darkness within a vast sea, the verse vividly portrays the state of those who consciously turn away from belief. It serves as a cautionary reminder that rejecting faith leads to spiritual isolation and moral obscurity, akin to being lost in the depths of an impenetrable ocean.

The layered imagery of waves and a cloud underlines the severity of the consequences that disbelievers face, as they become submerged in layers of confusion, temptations, and distractions that further detach them from righteousness.

The verse emphasizes that these individuals, guided solely by their own desires or disbelief, deprive themselves of the divine light that provides guidance, moral compass, and purpose. The condemnation lies in the spiritual and ethical consequences of such a choice, leading to a life bereft of the illuminating force of faith and the profound connection it fosters with the divine and fellow humans.

Nurturing Belief:

The significance of nurturing and safeguarding one’s faith against influences that might extinguish its light. The verse’s analogy of being in darkness within a vast sea emphasizes the fragility of faith when confronted with the trials of life. Just as waves and a covering cloud can obscure the path, various challenges and distractions can threaten to diminish one’s belief.

The verse underscores the necessity of actively reaching out to protect and strengthen one’s faith, highlighting the effort required to maintain a connection with the divine light of guidance. This nurturing process involves continuous learning, reflection, and vigilance against the allure of worldly desires and doubt.

By emphasizing the importance of personal responsibility in upholding and nurturing faith, the verse encourages believers to cultivate an unwavering commitment to their spiritual journey, shielding their belief from forces that might dampen its radiance.

The Comparison of Belief and Disbelief:

The mindsets of believers and disbelievers, highlighting the stark contrast between the two. The analogy of being in darkness within a vast sea depicts the differing approaches individuals take towards faith. Believers, represented by those who possess the divine light of guidance, are akin to those who navigate the obscurities of life with a clear sense of direction and purpose. Their faith acts as a beacon, enabling them to discern right from wrong and make informed choices.

On the other hand, disbelievers are likened to those without the divine light, lost in layers of confusion and spiritual blindness. The verse draws attention to the consequences of rejecting faith, underscoring the inherent darkness that befalls those who turn away from divine guidance. This striking comparison serves as a reminder of the transformative power of faith and the illumination it brings to believers’ lives, enabling them to live with conviction, compassion, and a profound connection to the divine.

The Darkness of Ignorance:

The analogy of being in darkness within a vast sea poignantly conveys the notion that ignorance leaves individuals spiritually adrift, devoid of clarity and direction. This state of darkness represents a lack of understanding, a deficiency in recognizing the truths of existence.

In contrast, the verse underscores the transformative power of knowledge and faith, which are likened to a guiding light that pierces through the darkness. The imagery captures the stark contrast between a life characterized by confusion and one enriched by understanding.

This comparison emphasizes the inherent beauty in seeking knowledge and embracing faith, which dispel the obscurity of ignorance and provide a path towards enlightenment. The verse encourages believers to actively seek the light of knowledge, thereby dispelling the darkness of ignorance, and to cherish the spiritual radiance that accompanies a life illuminated by faith and understanding.


In verse 20 of Surah Baqarah, Allah employs the metaphor of lightning to elucidate the fluctuating nature of human responses to guidance. The verse highlights the contrast between those who wholeheartedly embrace guidance and those who waver in their commitment. It underscores the significance of genuine faith and the need for steadfastness in the face of challenges, all while acknowledging Allah’s supreme authority over all aspects of human existence.


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